Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that starts during pregnancy. It affects about 3% to 20% of pregnant women in Canada. In a regular pregnancy, pregnancy hormones make it harder for insulin to work in your body. Insulin is a hormone made by your pancreas and it is needed to help move glucose from your blood to your cells for energy. The pancreas needs to make 2 to 3 times more insulin during pregnancy to keep your blood glucose in a normal and healthy range.
Risk factors for GDM:
- Previous gestational diabetes
- High risk population (Aboriginal, Hispanic, South Asian, Asian, African)
- Age > 35 years
- Corticosteroid use
- BMI > 30 kg/m2
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome
- Current or past history of a large for gestational age baby (over 4 kg or 9 lbs)
With gestational diabetes, your pancreas cannot make enough insulin to keep up with the pregnancy hormones. This usually begins around 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. If you think you may be at risk for GDM or have GDM, we can help you to manage your pregnancy. Please call reception to make an appointment.